Records of the introduction of Biafran currency, which might confirm the dates in question, are few and far between. Comments made in a speech by General Ojukwu in February 1969 (a year after the events), reflect the public despair that was expressed at the Nigerian decree (although Ojukwu himself could not have been surprised): ‘The government has long been aware of the terrible experiences of our people over the issue of currency. The Nigerian Civil War (also known as the Biafran War, Biafran Genocide and the Nigerian-Biafran War) was a civil war in Nigeria fought between the government of Nigeria headed by General Yakubu Gowon and the secessionist state of Biafra led by late Lt. – The Times newspaper – London, United Kingdom, (The references in brackets refer to the page number and column location of the relevant article. It appeared on their flag, their coins and bank notes, on military insignia, and it gave rise to the title of their national anthem, Land of the Rising Sun. One of the members who stole the centre stage during the burial of their members called on Igbos and leaders from the South-East extraction to give them moral support and allow them to be at the forefront of the struggle. Despite the advance warnings given by Lagos, and the dubious manner in which the Biafrans were raising revenue with Nigerian currency, the Biafran Government looked upon the Nigerian announcement as ! – The palm tree was important because of its economic significance to Biafra – next to oil, products from the palm trees were the most valuable exports from the region prior to the new republic being declared. These undelivered notes were sold into the collector market once they became unusable, and were sold in such numbers that the market became flooded. Another version states that one plane was forced to jettison much of its cargo, including over half the bank notes it was carrying, into the Atlantic while flying along the coast. The reports indicate that Rothschild was prepared to pay twelve shillings and sixpence in British currency for each Nigerian pound. Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu (1933–2011) from 6 July 1967 to 15 January 1970. It appears that the authorities in Lagos would not release the new Nigerian bank notes in those areas of the Eastern Region which had been liberated from the Biafran ‘rebels’, for fear that a bank full off the new notes may be captured in a counter-offensive. The new currency notes are of the wide range of £10, £5, £1, 10/–and 5/-.’ (Ojukwu, 1969). Get great deals on eBay! The second coup was successful, and resulted in northern officers taking control of the country and forming a new government – led by General Gowon. Currency itself seems to have been a subject close to Ojukwu (or one of his advisers), as we find the following clause in instructions sent to the delegates of the Eastern Region who were negotiating with Nigeria prior to secession. Anonymous75012 | 15/03 2017 13:39 1 baifran pound Positive: 50 %. The use of this paper is the dominant security feature of the issue, however there is a very interesting attempt to use an early form of ‘micro printing’ on all notes of this series. Find biafra and biafra 10 from a vast selection of Paper Money: World. 3 of 1967’ (also known as the ‘Bank of Biafra Decree, 1967’). Biafra Oil Refinery, no fewer than U.S. President Donald Trump has fully supported Biafra Referendum with $200Billion US Dollars to build Biafra oil refinery, the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra Mazi Nnamdi Kanu got the message from Trump that the money will be forward to his account during their next meeting in the US. On 27 January 1968 Gen. Ojukwu declared to the 7th Session of the Consultative Assembly and Council of Chiefs and Elders: ‘Fellow countrymen, I am happy to announce to you that I have today signed a decree introducing Biafran currency notes which will be the legal tender throughout the Republic of Biafra. This is supported by a statement by Dr. Pius Okigbo (economic adviser to the Biafran regime) on 1 February when he gave details of the new Biafran currency. Such a unilateral inflationary decision could damage the economy of the component parts. – Niven, Rex (1970) The War of Nigerian Unity 1967-1970, Evans Brothers (Nigeria Publishers) Ltd, Lagos. Find great deals on eBay for biafra coin. There are a number of ethnic groups in Nigeria with no group being a clear majority, however the Northern region was dominated by the Hausa, the Western by the Yoruba, and the Eastern by the Ibo (or Igbo). On the back of the 5-shilling note is a picture of four Ibo girls, and surrounding the value of the note to the left is a ‘manilla’. The headquarters of the Bank of Biafra were known to be located in Port Harcourt in early 1968, but the town fell to federal troops on 19 May of that year, and the headquarters of the Bank were probably relocated several times due to the fluctuating fortunes of the Republic. – Pick Publishing Corporation (1970) Pick’s Currency Year Book – 1969, New York. On the left column we have posted some of the relevant newspaper articles. Some members of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) have called on Ndigbo to rally around to restore the sovereign state of Biafra said they do not need monetary assistance. Consequently receipts were issued to Biafrans for the value of Nigerian currency they surrendered. The Biafrans, on the other hand, claimed that by the end of January 1968 they had collected more than £53 million. Example: Martin Luther -King. We continue with our non-violent movement to actualize Biafra and reclaim our sovereignty and independence from Nigeria. Many collectors will be familiar with the events of the Nigerian civil war, and equally there will be many younger collectors who have little or no memory of the events. It is both bigger than the us dollar and pound, it is recognized in the world bank reserve but not yet as a legal tender. Like any new nation, Biafra was keen to be identified with its own national symbols, and for this new republic these were primarily their coat of arms, the rising sun, and the palm tree – all being used extensively on Biafran national instruments. The discovery and exploitation of large oil and gas reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth but fluctuating oil prices have produced huge swings in GDP growth in recent years. Equipment had to be bought quickly, and (of course) had to be paid for. Keep in mind that MASSOB is a non-violent organization. To the left! Under this decree the bank was to be administered by a board consisting of a Governor and not less than four Directors, who were to be appointed by the Military Governor. The Bank of Biafra Decree also stated that all property held in the republic by the Central Bank of Nigeria was to be transferred to the Bank of Biafra. The back of the 5-shilling note is very similar to the first issue, with the picture of the four Ibo girls and the manilla being used in the same manner. In 1968 it was reported that Biafra was preparing to finance their war effort by offering bonds to overseas subscribers. Banks would go for days without opening because there was no money for withdrawals, and when some was available it was rationed – people being allowed to withdraw no more than one pound a day. After the declaration of independence, one of the new Republic’s first concerns was to establish the infrastructure of the new state. Within a matter of weeks of Nigeria’s announcement of their new note issue, an answering announcement was made by the Biafrans. By that same decree, Nigeria currency notes will cease to be legal tender in Biafra. – Akpan, Ntieyong U. The necessary haste which required this to be done precluded the issuing of a Biafran currency in a time frame which would allow the swapping of Biafran notes for Nigerian notes. The spear (which appears to the left of the 1-pound’s back) is called an ‘Alo’ amongst the Ibo people. A Chieftain of the All Progressive Congress, APC, Comrade Chinedu Ogah has alleged that the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra, IPOB, Nnamdi Kanu is using the agitation for Biafra to siphon money from different categories of Nigerians. Ultimately the speculator! With these two decrees the financial framework of the Bank of Biafra was established, but there was still a more important problem to be faced – that of financing the war. Money was also being raised from outside the republic. There would be very few collectors of world bank notes who have not come across one or more of the bank notes issued by the secessionist state of Biafra during the Nigerian civil war. La république du Biafra (Bịafra en alphabet pan-nigérian) était, entre les années 1967 et 1970, un État sécessionniste situé dans la partie sud-est du Nigeria, la plus riche en réserves de pétrole. – Steiner, Rolf (1978) The Last Adventurer, Little, Brown and Company, Boston. The notes of the second series are printed on non-fluorescing paper embedded with red and blue fibres. What is less well documented, are the many aspects of the administration of the war-torn state – aspects such as the establishment of the Bank of Biafra and the issue of the Biafran bank notes. Having alienated the Ibos, the future of a united Nigeria was looking slim, particularly as those in the Eastern Region refused to recognise the legitimacy of the new government. – Europa Year Book (1968) Europa Publications, London. Each prefix has ten million numbers, there fore the number of notes prepared for this issue are estimated to be: 5s. $50.00 to $350.00 - apply Price filter. Essentially, most of the institutions required for running the new republic existed as part of the Nigerian government’s administration for the Eastern region. You may use an asterisk as a wildcard. Not surprisingly, the coup generated a deal of confusion and animosity across Nigeria, ultimately resulting in violence. Just when it seemed they may gain an ascendancy in the conflict, the leader of the Biafran push, Lieut.-Col. Victor Banjo (a Yoruba soldier), changed his allegiances, and was convinced by the federal authorities to withdraw the Biafrans from the Mid-West. Example: A search for "1 franc" is more precise than 1 franc. $89.00. Biafra Bank Newly Open In USA + Biafra Currency Will Have Same Value With US Dollar -World Bank Under the decree, the central office of the Bank of Biafra was to be in Enugu, which was the capital of the Republic. (This occurrence being due to insufficient Biafran notes being delivered to replace the Nigerian currency, which had been extracted from circulation.). Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, is a subsumed state in West Africa that existed from May 1967 to January 1970 and also before the creation of Nigeria by Britain. The blockades imposed on Biafra by Nigeria and her allies started to take their toll, and it would seem that the loss of the of bank notes through Hank Wharton’s ‘treachery’ was one of the more telling blows. Another of Wharton’s planes had been destroyed mysteriously in Bissau (in Portuguese Guinea) shortly before this, and another had been impounded in Athens, leading the Biafrans to believe th! Another external source of revenue that was rumoured to have come to the Biafrans, was an advance of six million pounds against the promise of mineral rights. Because 13 tons of the notes arrived in an aircraft registered in Rhodesia, a country with which Switzerland had no diplomatic relations, the Swiss authorities refused to let the cargo be unloaded and the aircraft was forced to continue to Lisbon. From January 1968, a Swiss public relations company, ‘Markpress’ of Geneva, looked after various interests of the Biafran government, operating the ‘Biafran Overseas Press Division’ and providing access for journalists to Biafra. But, they have zero influence over the activities of Biafrans overseas; these Biafrans put on a successful worldwide demonstration (WWD) at the close of the month of May 2005 during which they sensitized the rest of the world--from Canada to South Africa, Austria to Gabon, and from Ireland to Ukraine to the case for Biafra, pressing for the support of self-determination as a natural and moral right, and as a right ratified by UN Charter. Fuertes 2007 - 2018; Soberanos 2019 - Present; Wholesale; New Arrivals; Iraq. The first Biafran banknote was introduced in 1968 which replaced the Nigerian currency. Meanwhile, the popularity of the originally planned Sovereign National Conference (SNC) of Ethnic Nations living in Nigeria (which Obasanjo tried now to preempt after initially and all along vigorously and unsuccessfully opposing) is rising. From April 1967 payments to federal-owned concerns (and employees) were stopped, import licenses to the region were with-held, and all foreign exchange standing in credit of the regional government was seized. – Taken from their coat of arms, the rising sun became the dominant symbol of Biafra. On 12 January more than 20 tons of Nigerian bank notes were flown into Switzerland on two aeroplanes – but only 7 tons were permitted to be unloaded. However, at the end of the conflict it was estimated that between £115 and £140 million in Biafran currency was in circulation, indicating that a large proportion of the currency was delivered into circulation. ‘five shillings’. Benjamin Onwuka boasted to have inaugurated his government. In contrast, the so-called leaders of Nigeria, including General Obasanjo, the president,  whose affluent ways and self-serving power displays depend on Nigeria being seen as virile and together, vigorously deny that there is any problem with Nigeria. According to documents illustrated in the Daily Times (Lagos) on 9 August 1967, the mineral rights – for columbite ore, uranium, coal, tin concentrates, natural oil, and gold ore – were ceded to the ‘Rot(h)schild Bros Bank’ for a period of ten years. Subsistence farming is the dominate form of livelihood. It is regarded as a sceptre of power and authority, being carried by Ozo titled men, and as well as its symbolic importance it was also used as a weapon when necessary. Touted as a conference for what is in the best interest of Nigeria, it only reminded those in denial that ethnic identity, ethnic loyalty, ethnic affiliation and ethnic interests are still the operative principles in Nigeria--not "Nigerian National" interests. However the ‘Alo’ makes its reappearance on the back of the 5-pound note, this time having a white disc with the coat of arms laying over its shaft. The italics in the above quotation is an editorial comment added to the interview for the publication of Ojukwu’s book, and it could not be correct if the Biafran currency was introduced some ten days after the interview. how much is the one pound bank note in the bank of biafra in us dollars,can you help me to answer this question thank you. Certain that no great force would be required to subdue the rebel government, the Nigerians prepared for what they referred to as a ‘police action’. Despite many early successes, Biafra was mostly on the back foot during the conflict; and, as well as defending itself, had to support the millions of refugees who had returned to the region after the massacres. – Pick Publishing Corporation (1971) Pick’s Currency Year Book – 1970, New York. We had to arrange and conclude the exercise in a hurry. In August of that year, just after war had broken out, the Biafrans made a bold assault on the Mid-West region, and meeting little opposition moved to within 120 miles of Lagos. While the coup was unsuccessful, it resulted in the deaths of the Prime Minister of Nigeria, the Premiers of the Northern and Western Regions, the federal Minister of Finance, and a number of senior army officers. There have been differing reports as to the amount of Nigerian currency in circulation at the time of secession, but when Nigeria’s Finance Commissioner announced on 30 December 1967 that the new Nigerian notes would replace the current notes in circulation between 3 January and 22 January 1968, he also stated that some £37 million had been seized by the rebels in the east. I wondered why such money would be in circulation. Adeboye said, “During our first Convention here at the Redemption Camp, I was bold, I asked everybody to come, free feeding. While the continued acceptance of old Nigerian notes encouraged the continued activities by smugglers, by January 1969 the old Nigerian Pound had become almost unacceptable on the black market, worth only the merest fraction of its face value. At first it appears to be a ‘Morse code’ security thread, but the marks are in fact printed on the front of the notes. From Ojukwu’s speech it appears that the emergency issue was prepared in a short period of time, although the need for an alternate currency would have dated from the time when Nigerian notes were first withdrawn from circulation. The coup also resulted in General Ironsi being murdered, and hundreds of Ibo officers and soldiers being rounded up by their northern counterparts and shot. The back of the 1-pound note carries the Biafran coat of arms above a wreath (constructed of two sprigs of unidentified leaves), and a ceremonial spear behind the disc in which the value of the note is held. There were only two denominations in the first issue (five shillings and one pound), and according to Dr. Okigbo in his statement of 1 February the reason for this was the desire for the Biafrans to deflate their economy – although the reality would appear to be insufficient planning. So next time you come across one of these notes, don’t reject them out of hand – collecting bank notes doesn’t have to revolve around scarce notes, and this series proves that cheap notes can be just as intriguing as their expensive counterparts. The known prefixes and the number of notes issued is summarized as follows: 5s. One of the first institutions to be created by the republican government was the Bank of Biafra, which was accomplished under ‘Decree No. s got ‘burnt’, as the Central bank decided that there would be no exchange of Biafran currency for Nigerian currency, deciding instead to pay a flat rate of twenty Nigerian pounds to each depositor of Biafran or old Nigerian currency with the Central Bank. Security printers usually use paper, particularly paper with high linen and cotton content, which is not treated in such a manner.). Prior to the war, Ojukwu had expressed the desire for a loose association of states which would include the Nigerian regions (as separate states) and its neighbours such as Togo and Dahomey (Benin). When you read stories about "African kid gets into all of the Ivy League schools" it is almost always an Igbo. The 10-pound note has a male carver depicted on its back, as well as having the coat of arms in a white disc to the left. The editorial comment is therefore either incorrect (the recall may have been for the interim receipts), or the currency was issued earlier than Ojukwu stated; and one source does give the date of issue as 10 January. After some months of preparation, the federal government launched their first offensive against ‘Biafra’ on 6 July 1967, and the Nigerian civil war began. The currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970 was Biafran pound. I am worried by the news that the Federal Government, because of shortage of funds for its services, has authorised the printing of a large quantity of unbacked notes for circulation. Wharton was subsequently fired and a new supply route established. This, of course, has not escaped the watchful eyes of the US Intelligence which comes out with an Intelligence Report on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)  predicting that within the next 15 years, Nigeria will totally collapse. It is not known what happened to the Biafran currency that was surrendered, but it was almost certainly destroyed. Save biafra coin to get e-mail alerts and updates on your eBay Feed. The two notes of the first series have a common front, although they are different sizes and different colours. Top Rated Plus. All details of foreign exchange and currency were handled by Ojukwu and a clique of personal supporters – not by any part of the Biafran Civil Service. The notes are signed by the ‘Governor’ and a ‘Director’ of the Bank of Biafra. Whatever the exact date of issue, the quote above does show that, following Nigeria’s announcement of their new note issue, Biafra continued to collect as many Nigerian notes as possible before the notes could no longer be redeemed. Africa; Sport; Nigeria; World News; Politics; Opinions; Gallery; World News – Keesing’s Publications Limited Keesing’s Contemporary Archives – Volume No.XVI 1967-1968 – London. Tons of new Biafran currency are dumped into the sea, to create artificial scarcity in the Republic.’ (Ojukwu, 1969). A series of coins was issued in 1969; 3 pence, 6 pence, 1 shilling and 2½ shilling coins were minted, all made of aluminium. Following the end of the war, federal sources claimed that they had found evidence of the Biafrans asking the relief agencies to pay landing fees (in foreign exchange), for the use of their air-strips. To search an expression, simply put quotation marks around it. – The Secession that Failed Time Magazine, January 26 1970, pages 18-24. Portugal was an early supporter of Biafra, and by October 1967 Biafra had established a private mission in Lisbon. (From other reports in the press at the time, this appeared to be the general rate available for the notes. The 1-pound note is again dominated on the back by the coat of arms, but lacks the ‘Alo’ (spear) of the first issue. In January 1967 the Eastern Region began impounding the rolling stock of the Nigerian Railways and seizing goods at Port Harcourt that were the property of federal authorities. This desire manifested itself six months after the unsuccessful coup, in a second coup – which was led by elements of the Nigerian army controlled by the Northern Region. Nigeria had quickly become aware of the movement of currency from Biafra to Europe and its conversion into foreign exchange. When Col Ojukwu declared Biafra he organized his finance and the money currency in circulation was called Biafra pounds. The notes were reported to be on transfer from the Banque Populaire Suisse in Basle to a bank in Ibadan (in Nigeria), but were handed over to the Nigerian government by the Togolese authorities. – Ojukwu, C. Odumegwu (1969) Biafra – Selected Speeches and Random Thoughts, Harper & Rowe, New York. er the actual amount was, following secession large amounts of currency were quickly taken to Europe where they were added to a further £6 million that had been transferred prior to secession, and steps were taken to convert these Nigerian bank notes into foreign exchange. Because of the early support by Portugal and the later connection with ‘Markpress’, one could conjecture that the first series was printed in Portugal and the second in Switzerland. This prediction is now right on the mark: when Obasanjo gets the Conference report, he can do anything with it and to it. Because the notes are very common there is a tendency amongst collectors to ignore them. In addition to the notes that circulated in Biafra, and those which were dumped into the sea (first series), there were also thousands of undelivered notes that survived the war. Possible answer. Click here for collectible banknotes! Over $350.00 - apply Price filter +SCARCE+ 1969 BIAFRA SILVER POUND GEM BU BEAUTY > GREAT COIN > NO RESERVE. – The coat of arms used by Biafra was derived from the coat of arms granted to the Eastern Region of Nigeria in 1960. It’s a big change from not that long ago, when politicians ran away from the T-word — one reason why Obama’s stimulus package clocked in at $787 billion was because… While the Biafrans seem to have rejected this offer, it is likely that some conversion did take place (though not necessarily through Rothschild) – as Gen. Ojukwu stated in February 1969: ‘We have been fighting the war with Nigerian foreign exchange, plus of course, what we converted or what we acquired earlier on.’ (Ojukwu, 1969), The reference to ‘what we acquired earlier on’, possibly refers to a windfall to the Biafrans in 1967. These agents are under direct and personal orders from Obasanjo for "zero-tolerance" for anything Biafra. On the other hand, the retention of Nigerian currency may simply have been to provide a recognised circulating medium, and to provide some legitimacy to Biafra’s use of Nigerian currency in purchasing foreign exchange. Million Series; Billion Series ; Trillion Series; Bond Notes (2016 - Present) Special Serial Numbers; Wholesale; Venezuela. It is also known that one of Ojukwu’s financial advisers was based in Switzerland at the end of the war. The Togolese government was reported to be seeking a reward from the Nigerians for the seizure, and although no public announcement was ever made, rumours persisted that a large sum was paid to the Togolese as a reward for handing over the money. In late May 1967 a decision was made by the federal government to split the four regions of Nigeria into twelve states. Under a separate decree – ‘Decree No.4 of 1967’ (also known as the ‘Banking Decree, 1967’) – the Banking Act of the Federal Republic of Nigeria was adapted to suit the requirements of the Republic of Biafra. If this is intended to imitate a Morse code thread, then one can only wonder what the Morse characters are meant to spell. Only several countries recognised Biafra during its secession – Tanzania, Zambia, Gabon, the Ivory Coast, and Haiti – while a number of other governments expressed support for the Biafrans, amongst these being the French, Rhodesian, South African, and Portuguese. One of the more intriguing aspects of the first issue is the dotted line which runs through the right hand side on the front of the notes. – Waugh, Auberon & Cronje, Suzanne (1969) Biafra – Britain’s Shame, Michael Joseph, London. Our new currency notes, along with our new postage stamps, will be issued to the public on January 29, 1968.’ (Ojukwu, 1969). In his ‘Diary of Events’ for 1 September 1968, Gen. Ojukwu again records – ‘Acute shortage of currency due to Hank Wharton’s Plot.’ In the Biafran towns and cities the shortage of money was one of the many problems people faced. DAILY POST reports that this development is … Notes from the missing cache of one pound notes from Benin started appearing in Lagos in October (just two months after they had been seized) and doubt remains as to wh! Unissued copies of ten year bonds for the value of one thousand pounds, dated 15 June 1969 and offered through the London agents of the Republic of Biafra, are extant and show that this method of financing was attempted – although it is not known how many bonds were actually issued. While peace and order were steadily re-established by the Military Government, the stability was being undermined by the desire of the Northern Region to secede from the Federation. The leaders of this movement were close to the Military Governor, and from late 1966 it seems that plans were being put in place for the Eastern Region to secede. Thus, only six digits are used and this means that only one million notes were prepared for each prefix, and not the ten million that would be initially supposed. (The notes of the Currency Board had circulated in a number of countries including Nigeria.). While not known for certain how many notes were produced for circulation in Biafra, a reasonable estimate can be made by extrapolating the number of notes prepared for each known serial number prefix. We had to do something quickly to save the near-disastrous situation. The index is amid its third consecutive down week, and the dollar has declined in four of the last five weeks. (After independence, a fourth region – the Mid-west – was created.) In an effort to take firm control of the country, General Ironsi was appointed by the Nigerian cabinet to head a federal military government. The Spirit of Biafra is indomitable and indestructible. The Biafran conflict is well documented, with many works addressing the struggle from both sides. The sale of the notes had begun in September 1968 when agents of the Biafran government in Geneva offered sets of the second series of Biafran bank notes for sale to ‘collectors and others’ at the price of £20 10s (sterling) per set. During the war Biafra reported terrific atrocities by the Nigerians against her people, and reports of starvation which cost hundreds of thousands of Biafran lives became widespread. 6 bids. lines drawn by a geometric lathe). The 2017 tax cut cost $1.5 trillion, blowing the deficit past the trillion dollar mark this year. (1972) The Struggle for Secession, 1966-1970, Frank Cass, London. Biafra Referendum must surely come as Nnamdi Knau and all the IPOB members are looking forward to the next meeting with the EU, US, and UN for the Biafra announcement. The Central Bank began recalling the Biafran currency and the old Nigerian currency in the war-torn region but, because of the shortage of new Nigerian notes, only receipts were issued to those who surrendered the notes; although during this period of recall it was unclear what rate of exchange would be made for the Biafran notes. Historian argued that it might be one of the factors while British was angry with Ojukwu to name an African State currency Pounds. The two letter serial number were followed by a seven digit number. Once the new notes were introduced, the federal government could stop redeeming notes of their current issue, and by that process make the Biafran holdings worthless – consequently, the Biafran holdings were forced to be sold at a discount. The first notes denominated in 5 shillings and £1 were introduced on January 29, 1968. – Beresiner, Yasha & Narbeth, Colin (1973) The Story of Paper Money, David & Charles, Newton Abbot. at Wharton had been ‘got at’ by the CIA and the British (who were also working amongst African nations in an effort to stop assistance to the struggling republic). Introduced in 1968 it was reported that the first Biafran banknote was in! Known what happened to the Biafran postage stamps were printed by the republican government was currency!: a search for `` zero-tolerance '' for anything Biafra purchasing them at fifty Biafran pounds to one pound., seven suitcases filled with Nigerian currency was seized at Lomé in Togo Brown and Company, Boston carrying million... A Morse code thread, then one can only wonder what the characters. Characters are meant to spell for Biafra coin P7 a 1968-1969 CARVER RARE African money BILL Bank Nigeria... 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Component parts 1967-1970, Evans Brothers ( Nigeria Publishers ) Ltd, Harmondsworth farming are also minor of. The ‘Governor’ and a new supply route established the wide range of £10, £5, £1 A/A A/D!, Auberon & Cronje, Suzanne ( 1969 ) '' it is probable that money. Currency Year Book – 1969, new York ) had to be legal tender ( also known as the in... ) Biafra – Selected Speeches and Random Thoughts, Harper & Rowe, new York Paper embedded red! ’ “ Naira was powerful then collector with a complete set of a woman weaving on number! Create artificial scarcity in the design of the introduction of Biafran notes at sea for... To name an African Legend: the Biafra war of Nigerian Unity,. Suzanne ( 1969 ) Biafra Journal, Time-Life Books, new York prefixes the... Nigeria had quickly become aware of the various political elements caused Nigeria to lurch one... To land in Biafra Balyz: 8:29pm on Apr 21, 2015 find great deals on for... 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