As soon as Khan reached the base of the pass, Shivaji's army began the battle, rolling boulders down on Khan's men. The thick dense forests, made it easy for the Marathas to camouflage themselves, from the Mughal soldiers. On the auspicious second day of the bright half of Vaishakh, in the year 1549 of Shaka era (1627 A.D.) to the sound pipes and drums playing in the 'Nagar Khana', Jijabai gave birth to a son. Since Shivaji's army was on top of the hills, Khan and his army were in effect fighting an invisible army. Battle of Umberkhind took place on 3 February 1661 in the mountain range of Sahyadri near the city of Pen, Maharashtra, India. The battle was fought between the Maratha army under Shivaji and General Kartalab Khan of the Mughal Empire. His original plan was to travel via the Bor Ghat( now the Khandala Ghat), which actually was much more wider.Fact is had Kartalab, taken the route via Bor Ghat, it would have been a much more tougher battle for Shivaji, as that was quite wide and open. Aurangjeb sent his maternal uncle Shahista Khan with powerful army over 1,50,000 on request of Badibegum Sahiba, Adishahi sultanate. One of the narrowest passes, in the Western Ghats, separating Lohghad from Visaghad running parallel to Mumbai-Pune rail route, it is a popular trekking route in the Sahyadris. Aurangjeb sent his maternal uncle Shahista Khan with powerful army over 1,50,000 on request of Badibegum Sahiba, Adishahi sultanate. Battle of Umberkhind. In this regard, Shivaji acted similarly to President John F. Kennedy after the Cuban Missile Crisis. Battle of Surat took place in A. The reason for this is because Khandala Ghat, also known as Bor Ghat, is much more open and broad than Umberkhind and as such the ground is not as suitable for surprise attacks. Battle of Umberkhind took place on 3 February 1661 in the mountain range of Sahyadri near the city of Pen, Maharashtra, India. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. ( Log Out /  And he did so here, feeding Kartalab Khan information through his spies, that Shivaji was at Pen, in Raigad district, throwing him off track. Not only could they not see their enemy, but they were unable to retreat from it as a portion of Shivaji's army and Shivaji himself were waiting at the top of the mountain pass to cut them off. Battle of Umberkhind. Encouraged by this, Shivaji attacked Shaista khan in a night assault. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. It is best done during the monsoon season; you can enjoy a view of the Amba River in all its glory. Shivaji defeated Kaltalf Khan, a sardar of Shahista Khan in the Battle of Umberkhind with few soldiers (Mavale). Umberkhind is one of the many ghats in the Nain-Maval area, located right below Kurnawade Ghat. Kartalab decided to surprise Shivaji and chose Khanadala Ghat to move towards Panvel. In the end, the battle was over in roughly two to three hours. The Umberkhind Trek that starts from Khandala train station in Lonavala Khandala Region moves to Kurvande hamlet near INS Shivaji. On the twelfth day, with the ceremony, the child was named 'Shivaji' after goddess Shivadevi whose temple was in the fort. Battle of Umberkhind An Uzbek general, Kartalab Khan, was sent by Shaista Khan on a mission to attack and reduce the number of forts under Shivaji's control in the Konkan region on 3 February 1661. A brief history of Umberkhind battle is engraved on the right side of the memorial. Khan had no choice but to surrender and beg for a safe passage. 1662 C. 1664 D. 1668. This battle was a great example of guerrilla warfare. Battle of Pavan Khind took place in A. A wonderful mix of history and nature. The difficulty level of the trek considered as easy to moderate, depending upon trekker's experience and adventurous spirit. The Mughals sent Shaista Khan with a large force against Shivaji who camped at Pune. Nevertheless, Khan went through Umberkhind. Shaista Khan planned to reduce Shivaji's possessions in Konkan and deputed Kartlab khan, an Uzbek general with a considerable force. It instantly transports you back hundreds of years to the era when the famous Battle of Umberkhind was fought. Unknown to Kartalab Khan, Shivaji and his army were already in the hills that surrounded the Umberkhind where they were ready and waiting for Khan and his army to descend to the base of the pass. He left his camp near Pune with 30,000 troops. Shivaji was born in the hill-fort of Shivneri, near the Junnar city in Pune district. Battle of Umberkhind took place on 3 February 1661 in the mountain range of Sahyadri near the city of Shivaji and the Kartalab Khan of Mughals. Fought on 2 February 1661, between the Maratha under Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Kartalab Khan of Mughals. 1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in the Americas. Badr: The First Battle in Islam The Quraish had begun grand-scale preparations to attack Medina. Learning this through spies, Kartalab Khan decided to move by another route and selected a less traveled path through Tungaranya, which went to Konkan through a mountain pass known locally as Umberkhind. One of famous battles of Umberkhind in which Chatrapati Shivaji Maratha forces outmaneuvered and defeated huge Mughal army. The Marathas began their attack by rolling boulders on to the hapless Mughal Army, And they were surrounded on all sides, even worse they could not even see them, due to the thick forest cover. Battle of Umberkhind ‘संपुरनं इतिहास … During the first Anglo Maratha War in 1781, the Peshwa chieftain Haripant Phadke, guarded this area to prevent the British from approaching Ghatmatha via Kuranwade Ghat, instead of Bor Ghat. At that point, he turned left towards Lohagad, which was a fort on the border of the Deccan plateau and Kokan. Once Khan's army had left the battle area, Shivaji's army spent the rest of that day collecting, classifying and packing all items. 1660 C. 1661 D. 1665. To reach Umberkhind from Pune, Kartalab traveled via Chinchvad, Talegaon, Vadagaon and Malavali (roughly parallel to the present railway line). 1660 B. Naturally, Khan chose to quickly descend this mountain pass and launch a surprise attack on Shivaji. Sacking of Surat. They Lived Dangerously-Manmath Nath Gupta, Follow History Under Your Feet on WordPress.com. On this trek, you will pass through the Kurvande pass and Kurvande Ghat. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Battle of Umberkhind took place on 3 February 1661 in the mountain range of Sahyadri near the city of Pen, Maharashtra, India. The battle was fought between the Maratha under Chhatrapati Shivaji and the Kartalab Khan of Mughals. This was the cornerstone of Shivaji's strategy. It was a 15-20 minutes journey to the Village. During his rei… Shiva Mitra, a Lonavala based organization has erected a victory memorial here that was inaugurated in 2007 by Babasaheb Purandhare and Udayan Raje Bhonsle. The battle was fought between Shivaji and his stepbrother Venkoji on November 26, 1677. The battle boosted the morale of the Marathas, providing them with a psychological boost. On 10 November 1659, Shivaji killed Afzal Khan and routed his army in the Battle of Pratapgarh. Mounted on a horse,holding a bow in one hand, with a spear in another, sword dangling from his waist, Shivaji  Maharaj, waited for Kartalab and his army to descend the pass. The battle is known for the strategic manner in which Shivaji deployed his forces and rapid movement that his cavalry was able to achieve. Umberkhind, popularly known for Battle of Umberkhind, is a trek with both, picturesque and historical significance. Battle of Umberkhind Posted on January 31, 2020 by Ratnakar Sadasyula Umberkhind Pass basically connects to the Konkan area, a popular trekking route in Maharashtra. It was a rout for the Mughal army, as the Marathas pounced on them, and within 2-3 hours, the battle was well and over. The trap was the pass of Umberkhind where Shivaji and his 1000 strong men were hiding in wait, equipped with arrows, boulders, rifles. Shivaji and his assistants inspected each person to ensure that they had followed the terms of the truce. The Mughals sent Shaista Khan with a large force against … Alarmed at this, Adilshah requested mughals to send forces against Shivaji. And by 1661 Shaista Khan, sent him to capture the forts of Kalyan, Bhiwandi, Panvel, Chul and Nagothane in the North of Konkan. Shivaji won the battle and seized most of the Mysore plateau. Although the army consisted of about 1,000 men, the entire pass was covered with dense forest and so Shivaji's army was not visible to Khan and his army. On 10 November 1659, Shivaji killed Afzal Khan and routed his army in the Battle of Pratapgarh. Fatteshikast is a period drama set during the reign of the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the ruler of Maratha kingdom.The film revolves around the infamous incident that took place at Lal Mahal. As his army moved down, Shivaji and some of his men reached the top of the pass, thus effecting the envelopment of Khan's forces. Battle of Umberkhind took place on 3 February 1661 in the mountain range of Sahyadri near the city of Pen, Maharashtra,India. It was a 15-20 minutes journey to the Village. Khan had heard that Shivaji and his army would be at Kurawanda, roughly 3 miles (4.8 km) from Lonavala. Khan was planning a secret campaign but Shivaji's spies were far more skillful. Shivaji agreed to let Khan and his army leave Umberkhind and return to Khan's home base in Pune provided that Khan and his army left behind their equipment including their weapons, horses and food, and allowed anyone who wished to do so to join Shivaji's army. The trap was then set for Khan. Visit / walk through grassy trail and lush … The Maratha casualties amounted to about 50 men killed or wounded, while the Mughals lost about 400. A trap had been set and Kartalab walked straight into it. Every Quraishite put all his savings in that caravan, and it was decided that whatever the profit accrued that year, it would … Battle of Umberkhind... To reach Umberkhind from Pune, Kartalab traveled via Chinchvad, Talegaon, Vadagaon and Malavali (roughly parallel to the present railway line). Mughal forces consisted of 20,000 men, while there was just 3,000 light Maratha cavalry. Change ). Battle of Umberkhind took place in A. Battle of Umberkhind An Uzbek general, Kartalab Khan, was sent by Shaista Khan on a mission to attack and reduce the number of forts under Shivaji's control in the Konkan region on 3 February 1661. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Marathas defeated the Mughal forces. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. His senapati Netaji Palkar caused havoc in the vicinity of Bijapur. It was a perfect trap, and by the time they reached the base, they were surrounded from all sides. The famous war of Umberkhind is mentioned in the Guinness Book of World Records: *"The 30,000 strong army of Kartalab Khan from Uzbekistan was defeated by mere 1000 mawalas of Shivaji. Alive with history, this … There, his army began the descent into the Kokan area through the narrow pass that separates Lohagad from Visapur. The engagement ending with the destruction of … Shivaji defeated Kaltalf Khan, a sardar of Shahista Khan in the Battle of Umberkhind with few soldiers (Mavale). It is a well-marked trail bypassing the Khandala Lake, taking … Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti: Remembering 7 great battles of Maratha Empire Shivaji Maharaj. The river passes by Umarkhandi along the Garmal valley, and merging with the Nagothane creek, before it merges into the sea. After a lifetime of guerrilla warfare with Adilshah of Bijapur and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Shivaji founded an independent Hindu Maratha kingdom in 1674 with Raigad as its capital. This pass would however be remembered for a historic battle fought here on February 2, 1661, when Chattrapati Shivaji defeated Kartalab Khan, the right hand man of Shaishta Khan, one of the most decisive victories ever, that further consolidated his position and strengthened the Marathas. Khan was further disadvantaged by the fact that he was traveling in February when most rivers in Konkan area were dry and drinking water was scarce. 1658 B. Here he was dealing with the Marathas in absolutely hill territory, who were ideologically driven by the Haindavi Swarajya dream. Kartalab Khan was Shaishta Khan’s right hand man, whom Aurangzeb specifically sent to crush Shivaji in 1660. Coordinates: 18°45′N 73°05′E / 18.75°N 73.083°E / 18.75; 73.083, Articles needing clarification from March 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.maayboli.com/arch/1/shivaji/umberkhind.shtml, http://dipaali.blogspot.com/2009/07/2009-07-26-umberkhind.html, http://wikimapia.org/8766627/Umberkhind-Memorial, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Umberkhind?oldid=4638159, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. Shivaji knew the Sahayadris and Western Ghats like the palm of his hand, he grew up there. Khan had initialled planned to descend through Bor Ghat and if he had done so, Shivaji would have a much harder battle on his hands. ( Log Out /  Answer: A 4. Fought between the Maratha under Chhatrapati Shivaji and General Kartalab Khan of the Mughal Empire. The battle was fought between the Maratha under Chhatrapati Shivaji and Kartalab Khan of the Mughals. One has to just enter on the right of the main road into the village and the next sight is of this … [16][12] His exact d… His experience was primarily in the open plains of North India, that too against armies made up mostly of mercenaries. Battle Of Umberkhind The battle Umberkhind The battle of Umberkhind was fought on 3 February 1661. Planning to descend into Tungaranya—a dense forest with hills on both sides—and then move through the Umberkhind pass, before descending into Kokan proper. By Sonali Pimputkar. On the orders of Aurangzeb, Shahista Khan sent Kartalab Khan and It was fought by Shivaji against Kartalab Khan (who was from Uzbekistan) who was sent by Shaista Khan to capture Konkon. The Mughals invaded, fighting an unsuccessful War of 27 years from 1681 to 1707. And some of the Mughal soldiers too switch sides to Shivaji. The past is there, right where you stand, under your feet. They were equipped with rocks and boulders in addition to the usual rifles, sabers and bows and arrows. Answer: C 5. Mughal forces consisted of 20,000 men, while there was just 3,000 light Maratha cavalry. The disinformation strategy worked, it made Kartalab Khan change his original plan of travelling via Bor Ghat, to Umberkhind Pass, assuming that Shivaj was at Pen, when in fact he was waiting there. I simply cannot find any sources in English (or in Latin alphabet at all) for the facts of the Battle of Umberkhind. One aspect of Shivaji’s campaigns not that well known, is that he had an awesome intelligence network, which is how we actually managed to win so kany battles. Not to mention large amounts of gold and jewelery. The trade caravan which had gone to Syria that year headed by Abu Sufyan was extraordinarily equipped. He had spies, who would track every moment of the enemy, keeping him always one step ahead. It was not just the intelligence gathering, Shivaji also used the tactics of disinformation really well to fool the enemy. Kartalab made his way via Chinchwad, Talegaon, Vadagon, and  instead of taking a turn towards Lohagad fort, that was right on the border between the Sahayadris and Konkan, he took the steeper descent from Ghathmatha towards Umberkhind, a very narrow route. Meanwhile, Shivaji was trapped in the siege of Panhala by Bijapuri forces under Siddi Jauhar, although he subsequently managed to escape . 1661 – Maratha forces under Chattrapati Shivaji defeat the Mughals in the Battle of Umberkhind. Once again a 1000 strong Maratha Army under Shivaji Maharaj had defeated a much larger Mughal force of around 20,000, just using smart strategy and tactics.  The victory at Umberkhind is considered one of the great victories in Shivaji Maharaj’s career, and is commemorated every year on February 2 since 2001. Such a battle could have unforeseen and possibly disastrous outcomes. One of the narrowest passes, in the Western Ghats, separating Lohghad from Visaghad running parallel to Mumbai …