who are outstanding among the apostles: To be an apostle is something great! Die English Standard Version folgt dieser Deutung und übersetzt: “Greet Andronicus and Junia […]. St Paul mentions them in his Epistle to the Romans: “Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and fellow prisoners, who are of note among the Apostles, who also were in Christ, before me” (Romans 16:7). Greet Andronicus and Junia, my compatriots and my fellow prisoners, who are notable among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Suomi: Andronikos, Athanasios Christianoupolis ja Pyhä Junia. Junia(Greek: Ιουνια) was a 1st-century Christian, highly regarded and complimented by the apostle Paul. Andronicus and Junia were "either highly regarded by the early church leaders (the apostles) or they were regarded as apostles themselves. (Der Begriff Apostel ist dabei so zu verstehen, wie Paulus ihn gebraucht.) In order to resolve this issue two items need to be examined. He has a Ph.D. from Dallas Theological Seminary, and is currently professor of New Testament Studies at his alma mater. He also refers to them as “fellow prisoners,” meaning … - Zum Verständnis von Römer 16,7, Website der Alt-Katholischen Kirche in Deutschland, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Junia_(Apostel)&oldid=206001772, Geboren im 1. For example, in 3 Macc 6:1 we read Ελεαζαρος δέ τις ἀνὴρ ἐπίσημος τῶν ἀπὸ τής χώρας ἱερέων (“Eleazar, a man prominent among the priests of the country”). Apolytikion of Andronicus & Junia in the Third Tone. There is probably not a sermon in this fact alone, but it might make a person think just a little. Das ursprünglich unakzentuierte griechische Wort ΙΟΥΝΙΑΝ Iounian kann entweder die Akkusativform des männlichen Namens „Junias“ oder des weiblichen Namens „Junia“ sein, so dass aus der verwendeten Namensform und dem Textabschnitt insgesamt nicht eindeutig hervorgeht, ob es sich um einen „Junias“ oder eine „Junia“ handelt. [5] Bernadette Brooten nennt für die ältere Auslegungstradition das Zeugnis von Origenes, Hieronymus, Atto von Vercelli, Theophylakt und Petrus Abaelardus. Saint Andronicus Apostle of the Seventy and Saint Junia were relatives of the holy Apostle Paul. He admitted, “I persecuted the followers of this Way to their death, arresting … Although the vast bulk of commentaries and translations regard Junia(s) to be one of the apostles (in a non-technical sense), such a view is based on less than adequate evidence. Auflage des Novum Testamentum Graece (1923) boten in der Akzentsetzung die weibliche Namensform; dies änderte sich mit der 13. inklusiv: Andronikus und Junia sind Apostel; exklusiv: die Apostel haben eine hohe Meinung von Andronikus und Junia. If a woman, Junia may be the wife of Andronicus. While most scholars believe that Andronicus was her husband, … ‘Junia’ is almost certainly a woman and, if so, most likely wife to Andronicus. “Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me” (Rom. Jahrhunderts übernommen. Through the efforts of Saints Andronicus and Junia the Church of Christ was strengthened, pagans were converted to the knowledge of God, many pagan temples closed, and in their place Christian churches were built. They are not mentioned in any other documents we have. The service in honor of these … Since a noun in the genitive is typically used with comparative adjectives, we might expect such with an implied comparison. Read full chapter. Seeking God’s will is the source of peace for all of us, whether we’re married or single!” The lexical domain can roughly be broken down into two streams: ἐπίσημος is used either in an implied comparative sense (“prominent, outstanding [among]”) or in an elative sense (“famous, well known [to]”). 1 Corinthians 1. Auflage des Novum Testamentum Graece (1927): Ἰουνιᾶν. Here Eleazar was one of the priests of the country, yet was comparatively oustanding in their midst. . At present, I am involved in a search of the key term in Romans 16:7 that would help us decide this issue—ἐπίσημος. Perhaps Junia is the wife of Andronicus, and they were simply referred to as a team. Possibly the gospel was brought by them to Rome. But even the data on this score can be deceptive, for the man’s name Junianas was frequent enough in Latin and Greek writings (and, from my cursory examination of Latin materials, the nickname Iunias also occurred as a masculine name on occasion2). Der Unterschied in akzentuierter Schreibweise zwischen Ἰουνίαν und Ἰουνιᾶν besteht damit in der Setzung eines Akzents auf dem Iota (´ Akutus) bzw. Kontakion of Andronicus & Junia in the Second Tone. According to Romans 16:7, Junia had become a Christian before Paul himself. Romans 15. Nevertheless, the evidence thus far adduced falls right in line with our working hypothesis. Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen According to the flesh, being perhaps not only of the same nation, Jews, but also of the same tribe, the tribe of Benjamin, and even of the same family, and might be nearly allied in blood. (b) What is this individual’s relation to the apostles? [5], Brooten legte 1977 eine Studie zum Verständnis von ΙΟΥΝΙΑΝ Iounian als Frauenname vor,[9] die zu einer Neubewertung dieses Themas in der Exegese führte. The tradition holds that they were capable of performing miracles, by which they drove out demons and healed many of sickness and disease. Q. But to be outstanding among the apostles—just think what a wonderful song of praise that is! 'Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me'. ‘Junia’ is almost certainly a woman and, if so, most likely wife to Andronicus. A recent doctoral dissertation done at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, has demonstrated otherwise. 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. Bei Johannes Chrysostomos (344–407) findet sich folgende Bemerkung: „Ein Apostel zu sein ist etwas Großes. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me. [4], Sämtliche Kirchenväter, so Ulrich Wilckens, sahen in Junia selbstverständlich eine Frau, was sich erst im 13. Romans 16:7: ver 11, 21; Romans 16:7: Col 4:10; Phm 23; Romans 16:7: S ver 3; Romans 16:7 in all English translations. They were outstanding on the basis of their works and virtuous actions. Junias, a Christian to whom Paul sends greetings in Rom. In this text, that which is ἐπίσημος is itself among  (ἐν) similar entities. But again, the salient features are present: (a) an implied comparison (b) of an item within a larger group, (c) followed by (ἐκ plus) the genitive to specify the group to which it belongs.7. Romans 16:7 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV). 4 Either the simple genitive, or one after the preposition ἐκ. But to be outstanding among the apostles— just think what a wonderful song of praise that is! What we do know is that Junia was a Jewish woman who, with her partner Andronicus, had become a Jesus’ follower very early on, and that she had been persecuted for her faith; at some point, the couple had been imprisoned with Paul. Using the TLG database (which now incorporates all Greek literature from Homer to AD 600 and most Greek literature from AD 600 to 1453), as well as the PHI CD of Greek non-literary papyri, we are able to scan over 100 million words of Greek. They are grammatically tied together in just the same way as Aquila and Priscilla. [10] Dem tragen auch viele seitdem erschienene oder revidierte Bibelübersetzungen Rechnung. Mackey’s comment: According to an interesting hypothesis, Andronicus could have been the apostle Andrew, under the Greek form of his name. There are two major interpretive problems in this verse, both of which involve the identification of Junia (s). Junia is the only woman called an 'apostle' in the NT" (Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, p. 756). 2. Weymouth New Testament and to Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen, who once shared my imprisonment. ἐπίσημος can mean “well known, prominent, outstanding, famous, notable, notorious” (BAGD 298 s.v. First, we should consider the accents on the Greek manuscripts. 5 Moo, for example, writes: “if Paul had wanted to say that Andronicus and Junia were esteemed ‘by’ the apostles, we would have expected him to use a simple dative or ὑπό with the genitive” (D. J. Moo, Romans, NICNT, 923). For Junia and Andronicus (perhaps her husband), being an apostle wasn't a matter of privilege, but prison. That the parallels discovered so far8 conform to our working hypothesis at least gives warrant to seeing Andronicus’ and Junia’s fame as that which was among the apostles. This, however, should not be the end of the matter. Daniel B. Wallace has taught Greek and New Testament courses on a graduate school level since 1979. The prominent place is a part of the earth, indicated by the genitive modifier. Saint Andronicus was made Bishop of Pannonia, but his preaching also took him and Saint Junia to other lands, far from the boundaries of his diocese. New American Standard Bible Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsfolk and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding in the view of the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Andronicus and Junia are believed by the vast majority of these biblical scholars to be yet another husband and wife team (like Priscilla and Aquila), or possibly a brother and sister team. 7 But in the Additions to Esther 16:22 we read that the people are to “observe this as a notable day among the commemorative festivals” (ἐν ταῖς ...ἑορταῖς ἐπίσημον ἡμέραν). 3 The NET Bible regards this as a woman’s name because the data are sufficient to argue this way, while they are insufficient to argue that it is a man’s name. [6] (Burer und Wallace verweisen allerdings auf Epiphanios von Salamis. Chrysostom the church father held Junia to be a woman, a view endorsed by C.E.B. Viele Exegeten nehmen an, dass es sich bei Junia um eine Frau handelt, die im Urchristentum eine leitende Funktion hatte. “Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. Indeed, how great the wisdom of this woman must have been that she was even deemed worthy of the title of apostle. First, the action implied may actually be the passive reception of some event or person (thus, texts such as 1 Tim 3:16, in which the line ὤφθη ἀγγέλοις can be translated either as “was seen by angels” or “appeared to angels”; either way the “action” performed by angels is by its very nature relatively passive). There are simply too many debated and disputed elements to definitively say just exactly what St. Paul was trying to say here. Before his conversion, Paul himself murdered and imprisoned Christians. His Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament ... More. After all, our objective is to pursue truth. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. Andronicus and Junia were successful in bringing many to Christ and in demolishing many temples of idolatry. In Rom 16:7 Paul says, “Greet Andronicus and Junia (s), my compatriots and my fellow prisoners. Saint Paul mentions them in his Epistle to the Romans: “Salute Andronicus and Junia, my … Romans 16:7 Some have suggested that the otherwise unknown “Junia” referred to in this verse could only have been a female, and may have been the “Joanna” of Luke’s Gospel. The believer is in three positions — in Adam by nature, in Christ by faith, in the Church by baptism. What does the Bible say to the church, and to the individual Christian, about the role of politics in the church? Das Hauptargument hierbei ist, dass es keinen Beleg für den antiken Männernamen Junias gebe, im Gegensatz zu dem häufigen Frauennamen Junia. IN CHRIST BEFORE PAUL. In this instance, the idea would then be “well known to the apostles.” Second, even if ἐν with the dative plural is used in the sense of “among” (so Moo here, et alii), this does not necessarily locate Andronicus and Junia within the band of apostles; rather, it is just as likely that knowledge of them existed among the apostles. Although most modern translations regard the name as masculine, the data simply do not yield themselves in this direction. Oktober 2011 über die Namensgebung der neu gebauten Kirche im Sheridan-Park abgestimmt und sich mit großer Mehrheit für die Apostelin Junia entschieden. Q. Wilckens fasst die Entwicklung so zusammen: „Daß ein Ehepaar, ein Mann und eine Frau, beide «Apostel» sind, ist erst seit dem Mittelalter als so unglaublich erschienen, daß man statt der Frau Junia einen Mann mit dem Namen Junius meinte lesen zu sollen. Dieser Autor schrieb: „Junias, den (οὗ) Paulus ebenfalls erwähnt, wurde Bischof von Apameia in Syrien.“ Da Epiphanios allerdings die Priska bei der gleichen Gelegenheit ebenfalls als Mann bezeichne, dürfe sein Zeugnis nicht zu stark gewichtet werden. On the one hand, there is a legitimate complaint about seeing ἐν with dative as indicating an agent , and to the extent that “well known by the apostles” implies an action on the apostles’ part (viz., that the apostles know) such an objection has merit.6 On the other hand, the idea of something being known by someone else does not necessarily imply agency. This post is the last of a four part series. 16:7 Paul says, Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles who also were in Christ before me. To read the previous posts, click here for part one, here for part two, and here for part three. Andronicus and Junia (Compiled by Paul R. Blake) Introduction: A. The distinguishing characteristic of a true Christian is to be in Christ. They labored much, preaching the Gospel to pagans. Junia oder Junias ist eine Person, die im Römerbrief 16,7 LUT zusammen mit Andronikus erwähnt wird. Junias oder Junia? B. Artemas für Artemidorus) bei griechischen Namen üblich sei, bei lateinischen aber nicht. Zwei Interpretationen sind möglich: Seit der Alten Kirche war die inklusive Lesart vorherrschend. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. It can’t be proven conclusively, because names can be deceiving, but these were probably husband and wife. Further, Junia was a common enough Latin name and, since this was Paul’s letter to the Romans, one might expect to see a few Latin names on the list. In Ps Sol 17:30 the idea is very clear that the Messiah would “glorify the Lord in a prominent [place] in relation to all the earth” (τὸν κύριον δοξάσει ἐν ἐπισήμῳ πάσης τῆς γῆς). 2. Paul calls them his “kinfolk,” which probably means fellow-workers, though some argue for a literal reading of them being related to him. . What still needs to be examined is the control group: that is, are the other nicknames found in the NT (such as Silas, Epaphras) all exampled in extra-biblical literature? Svenska: Andronicus, Athanasius of Christianoupolis & Saint Junia. In Rom. 2 This tentative conclusion is contradicted by older studies that are presently inaccessible to me. It is unclear whether a masculine (Junias) or a feminine name (Junia) is intended (the masculine is not found elsewhere). 1. First, for the lexical issue. Andronicus and Junia were kinsmen to Paul. He also refers to them as “fellow prisoners,” meaning they might have shared some prison time together. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. That Andronicus and Junia were "well known among the apostles" meaning "well known to the apostles" If the first view is correct then Paul may be referring to a female apostle – the Greek name (Iounian) is in the accusative and could be either Junia (a woman) or Junias (a man). Junia and her partner Andronicus were not part of the Twelve, but they were, most likely, well-known and respected Christian missionaries. As an aside, some commentators reject such an elative sense in this passage because of the collocation with the preposition ἐν,5 but such a view is based on a misperception of the force of the whole construction. [15] Die Kirche wurde am 8. Paul thought highly enough of Junia and her co-laborer Andronicus that he commended them both in Romans 16:7 as “noted among the apostles”. (a) Is Junia(s) a man’s name or a woman’s name? In der ganzen Alten Kirche hat mit Recht niemand daran Anstoß genommen.“[14], Daneben wurde und wird aber auch eine exklusive Lesart vertreten, beispielsweise durch Theodor Zahn (1910) und neuerdings Michael H. Burer und Daniel B. Wallace (2001). The parallels include (a) people as the referent of the adjective ἐπίσημος, (b) followed by ἐν plus the dative plural, (c) the dative plural referring to people as well. And what they reveal is that  ᾿Ιουνιαν was largely considered a man’s name (for the bulk of the MSS have the circumflex over the ultima).1. According to Romans 16:7, Junia had become a Christian before Paul himself. Junia and her partner Andronicus were not part of the Twelve, but they were, most likely, well- known and respected Christian missionaries. For Junia and Andronicus (perhaps her husband), being an apostle wasn't a matter of privilege, but prison. Cranfield Romans (ICC II, Edinburgh: Clark, 1979) page 788. Auflage bietet das Novum Testamentum Graece wieder die Akzentsetzung der weiblichen Namensform im Haupttext: Ἰουνίαν. Andronicus means “Man of victory,” and Junias (being feminine) was probably his wife. 16:7 - NKJV) 1. The last stop in our tour of the women of Romans 16 is verse 7: 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia, my relatives who were in prison with me; they are prominent among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was. Thus, their ability to reflect earlier opinions is questionable at best. Joanna and Junia by Damien F. Mackey “Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. Since his conversion occurred just a few years after the Resurrection of Christ, Junia must have been one of the earliest converts to Christianity and probably was one of the founders of the church at Rome. oder 1. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.”, Seit 2012 gibt es in Deutschland eine Apostelin-Junia-Kirche: Die alt-katholische Gemeinde Augsburg hat in der Gemeindeversammlung vom 2. Paulus bezeichnet beide als „angesehen unter den Aposteln“. . All the key elements are here. Jahrhundert in der Westkirche schlagartig geändert habe. Not all of the relevant materials have yet been translated, but of what has a certain pattern has developed. NASB 1995 And although we are dealing with scanty material, it is always safest to base one’s views on actual evidence rather than mere opinion.3. Whether this normally or even ever happens with personal nouns in the plural after ἐν is a different matter, and one that cannot be answered until further research is conducted. ἐπίσημος; LSJ 655-56; LN 28.31). Hence, we turn to the ἐν τοῖς ἀποστόλοις. Thus, if in Rom 16:7 Paul meant to say that Andronicus and Junia were outstanding among the apostles, we might have expected him to use the genitive4 τῶν ἀποστόλων. We welcome any and all evidence that either supports or contradicts our working hypothesis. Aber berühmt unter den Aposteln – bedenke, welch großes Lob das ist. They are of note among the Apostles, and are Christians of longer standing than myself. Greet Andronicus and Junia . Jahrhundert v. Chr. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. In sum, until further evidence is produced that counters the working hypothesis, we must conclude that Andronicus and Junia were not apostles, but were known to the apostles. A Female Missionary. 1 although some might suspect a chauvinistic motive on the side of none at all apostles but were added... Lesung des namens ΙΟΥΝΙΑΝ none at all Christian is to be outstanding among the think. 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Dozent für Neues Testament an einer Ausbildungsstätte der Evangelisch-Lutherischen Freikirche. ) einer namens.