She has successfully combined efforts of multiple disciplines including neuropsychology/surgery, endocrinology, pharmacology, and public health to advance the field. For his translational research in HIV that has led to new disease therapies and changed clinical guidelines, and for being a thought leader in neurology and health care. David E. Fisher, PhD, MD, Edward Wigglesworth Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; and chief, department of dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. The newly elected members bring NAM’s total membership to more than 2,200 and the number of international members to approximately 175. She pioneered harnessing ribonucleic acid (RNA) interference for therapy and gene discovery and was the first to show that small RNAs could be used as drugs in vivo. Sean D. Sullivan, BScPharm, PhD, dean and professor, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle. For his development of novel statistical models for longitudinal data to better diagnose disease, track its trajectory, and predict its outcomes. For his work that has led to fundamental new insights into the pathogenesis of NF-1 and improved lives for children and adults with this disorder, and for developing robust career development programs for trainees and faculty to become leaders themselves. Heinz Feldmann, MD, chief, Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Mont. For leading, mentoring, and being a role model for physician-scientists in reproductive sciences. Randall John Bateman, MD, Charles F. and Joanne Knight Distinguished Professor of Neurology, department of neurology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis. United States National Academy of Medicine, Members of national academies, Fellows of learned societies of the United States, Members of learned societies Members of the National Academy of Medicine Category page “These distinguished members have shown extraordinary dedication to furthering science and improving the health of our nation,” said National Academy of Medicine President Victor J. Dzau. Pardis C. Sabeti, MD, DPhil, MSc, professor, departments of organismic and evolutionary biology and immunology and infectious disease, Harvard University; member, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; and investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cambridge, Mass. Louis M. Staudt, MD, PhD, chief, Lymphoid Malignancies Branch, and director, Center for Cancer Genomics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md. Alex Kolodkin, PhD, Charles J. Homcy and Simeon G. Margolis Professor, Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore. Membership to the Academies is considered one of the highest honors bestowed to a U.S. scientist in the fields of health and medicine and signifies outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service. David Wade Clapp, MD, Richard L. Schreiner Professor and chair, department of pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis. For leading public health efforts to reduce the impact of infectious diseases in women including gynecologic manifestations of HIV disease, implementing testing and antiretroviral strategies to reduce vertical HIV transmission, and responding to emerging infectious disease threats to pregnant women (e.g. Amy K. Wagner, MD, professor, vice chair of faculty development, and director of translational research and of Brain Injury Medicine Fellowships, department of physical medicine and rehabilitation; professor of neuroscience and associate director of rehabilitation research, Safar Center for Resuscitation Research; and training faculty, Center for Neuroscience, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh. For pioneering U.S. guidelines for evidence-based drug formulary development. Who We Are NAP is a non-profit organization founded in 1981 to advise governmental bodies on our healthcare system. The Institute of Medicine is unique for its structure as both an honorific membership organization and an advisory organization. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding of STEMM. For making transformative discoveries to reveal unexpected dynamics and plasticity of the neuronal epigenome, as well as its functions under physiological and pathological conditions. Garth Graham, MD, MPH, FACP, FACC, chief community health officer, CVS Health; and former president, Aetna Foundation, Hartford, Conn. For leadership in addressing social determinants of health and health disparities by directing major public and private sector efforts, including significant work as Health and Human Services Deputy Assistant Secretary in tackling health disparities, through expanding minority health infrastructure and creating the first federal health disparities reduction action plan. For her innovative, large-scale research that shows professional nurse understaffing in hospitals is associated with excess mortality and patient dissatisfaction, informing new value-based policy directions. Copyright 2020 © National Academy of Sciences. For co-leading the largest-ever trial applying organizational redesign theory to improve hospital clinician well-being and patient safety in five European countries. For making fundamental discoveries regarding protein aggregation and nucleotide repeat expansions as causes of neurodegenerative diseases, and pioneering novel therapeutic strategies, including nucleotide-based gene silencing and harnessing the cell’s own quality-control machinery, for this group of devastating disorders. As president of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, she has championed cutting-edge clinical care and expanded efforts to improve community care through forward-thinking programs addressing the social determinants of health. Velma McBride Murry, PhD, Lois Autrey Betts Endowed Chair and university professor, departments of health policy and human and organizational development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. For developing, evaluating, and implementing novel, strength-based, family preventive intervention programs, including the first technology family-based prevention designed to foster positive development and adjustment among youth. For discovering the causes of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the first highly specific blood test for AD, and initiating the first prevention trial in AD with a public-private clinical trial platform. pandemic influenza, Zika virus). Levi A. Garraway, MD, PhD, executive vice president, head of global product development, and chief medical officer, Genentech/Roche, South San Francisco, Calif. For the discovery of genetic drivers of melanoma, prostate cancer, and other malignancies, the discovery of mechanisms of response and resistance to anticancer therapies in melanoma and other cancer types, pioneering platforms and approaches to cancer precision medicine, and incorporating precision medicine principles in therapeutic development. 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