Some points to keep in mind while doing a hazard assessment is: Some hazards create secondary hazards and Hazard assessment is based on past hazards but don't forget to consider possible disaster threats that is new to the community. - Identify danger zones, evacuation sites, local resources that can be used during emergency periods, land use zones, etc. ' List capacities that is specific to certain individuals or groups (leadership / skills / knowledge) Use the accepted and recognised system of communication that is accepted by most members of the community. This can only be achieved through democratic collaboration of social researcher, community members and various other parties. ' Ask a few volunteers to group these cards to similarity or interrelationship The historical profiling is done to: Transect walk: is an investigative tool where the research team and about six to ten key community informants walk the predetermined routes across the area under study. The appreciative enquiry assumes: Secondary data review: This type of data review consist of visiting libraries, government offices, universities or research centres, maps and newspaper extractions. It is also clear that SIDS and coastal LDCs often lack the capacity, skills and financial support to better develop their blue economy. SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. The transportation used by humans brought along a newer forms of disasters that is different from the original natural disasters. - Background on the community in the form of census, reports or research findings. Participation of the community also decrease the occurrence of creating dependence rather than developing existing capacities. ' - Health: This includes the robustness of the society and the functioning of various social measures (preventative medicine) ' Membership, attendance and regularity of meetings managed by. Email This email address is being protected from spambots. The advantages of observation is that real-life behaviour can be perceived, studied and verified. Policies for the sustainable management of urban green areas are necessary. Available from: The organisation can be supported to do a SWOT-analysis to identify weakness and threats while using strengths and opportunities. Specify target audience: who will be targeted with intervention. This must be pre-determined in the entry strategy. Produce and distribute materials: to succeed, assign production responsibilities; produce or purchase materials and distribute the materials to the target audiences The features of the hazard must be considered in order to select effective preparedness measures. Economic development benefits of compact and efficient development include transportation cost savings, as well as decreased VMT (vehicle miles traveled) and VHT (vehicle hours traveled). It is generally understood to be a long-term strategy aimed at supporting sustainable and equitable economic growth through oceans-related sectors and activities. o Institutional and social network mapping: reveals the formal and informal organisations that influence people's lives and it captures the perceptions of their importance and relationship to one another. Sustainable livelihoods cover a wide agenda and issues may be uncovered that cannot be addressed for whatever reason and in this may unduly raise expectations. - Review hazard map, seasonal calendar and resource map and then determine criteria to select households from different socio-economic groups, the selection should not be at random. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. (2018), and in the subsequent study by Jia et al. Oceans and seas cover over two-thirds of Earth’s surface, contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work, provide food and minerals, generate oxygen, absorb greenhouse gases and mitigate the impacts of climate change, determine weather patterns and temperatures, and serve as highways for seaborne international trade. Revised 2013. Papers presented at Sustainable City 2021 are to be published in a volume of WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment (Electronic ISSN: 1743-3541). - Preparedness: The degree of preparedness of the group. - Decide on how many households and which ones in particular you will interview. Benefits Of A Sustainable Development Essay 874 Words 4 Pages As a company which states a sustainable development as one of its main development goals, HP has presented numerous global social initiatives that may safeguard the society as well as the health of company’s employees. ' Who controls access to the resources It is a process in which the community members themselves gather and analyse the information used to make planning decisions. Absolute poverty is the situation where a household / person cannot afford the bare minimum to survive. The mix of oceanic activities varies in each country, depending on their unique national circumstances and the national vision adopted to reflect its own conception of a blue economy. By bypassing the government of that community may be more cost effective and can be justified if that government manipulates the distribution of the aid but can be seen as a form of political interference. Bless and Higson-Smith further explains that action research is always participatory and demands that the social scientists and the community are equal partners in the planning and implementation of the project and that each brings valuable resources. For instance, while not as well understood as the other impacts, and more difficult to measure, the impacts of acidification are likely to be the most severe and most widespread, essentially throughout any carbon-dependent ecological processes. - When: Particular time of the year that can be more hazard prone, e.g. At the same time, growing human and environmental pressures in coastal areas have significant impacts on coastal systems, requiring urgent attention in many coastal areas globally. Communities depend on water sources for survival or employment and therefore water pollution is an important consideration when communities are developed. Pay attention to group dynamics Southern Business School. Explain to those present what the purpose of the activity is This reflects the economic resilience and the capacity to recover. 2. addy3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7 = addy3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7 + 'tralac' + '.' + 'org'; This makes a spatial overview of the area's main features. The combination of different substances that is released into the air can result in acid rain which can be harmful. Voting can be done by the group members sticking voting dots to the answers they deem most important. - Maintain and enhance environmental quality They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. ' History, reason for formation It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by human activities such as agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture, shipping, urbanisation and tourism. Therefore, problems arising from the sustainable development concept need to be carefully addressed to preserve the energy, water and environment resources for future generations. Let the community identify a suitable place and medium for the mapping activity. Transport systems in developing countries are technologically different to those form the developed world, however the following are general transport systems that is widely used. An evaluation that refers to the principles of sustainable development needs to consider the social, environmental and economic impacts that each management strategy might have. Many people think that the health of the economy is paramount and that individual and social well-being derives from that. Semi-structured Interviews: are informal and conversational discussions that uses at most a checklist of possible questions as a guide instead of a formal questionnaire. Enforcing pollution laws remains a very difficult task even if developing countries have legislation in place. In situations where legislative and environmental changes are possible, behavioural change must occur as well. - Key-informant interview: to gain special knowledge about a particular topic, this is usually a specialist or well experienced person in a particular field. 4 Royal Academy of Engineering Blue Gold ©Khalid Hossain Ayon and Anis Pervez. The benefits likely to result from greater incorporation of sustainability into EPA’s work include the following: Reduced compliance costs. A set of guiding questions (or focus areas) that are can be shaped in accordance to the purpose of the activity. Match community contacts with the right target audience and train people for specific actions within the intervention. Employee Training and Development: The Benefits and Why it’s Important. - Let people draw a map of their household and resources / capacities on which they depend for survival (material/physical, social/organizational, motivational/attitudinal capacities). Challenges of Sustainable Development in South Africa The researcher assigns numbers to the observations and by counting or measuring the objects, the data is produced. True capacity building involves the creation of a fertile environment within which the group can continue to grow knowledge and experience. The second set of challenges is the need to invest in the human capital required to harness the employment and development benefits of investing in innovative blue economy sectors. Once the three components of the Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment are done, all the data is placed in the matrix for each of the possible hazards that might have an impact on the said community. Step 5: Evaluation of the programme to determine impact. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; ' Changes in land tenure Civil Aviation Authorities of a country are also enforcing strict rules with regards to use and standards of aircraft in order to reduce aircraft accidents because the general dynamics of this mode of transport cause that there are little to no survivors in the case of an accident. SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. The capacities are grouped according to: physical / material; social / organisational and motivational / attitudinal. The first — related to an enduring obsession among climate wonks— has to do with the limitations of existing modeling. IT will put the researcher in the position to do things with the community instead of doing things for the community, thereby empowering the community to take responsibility for their own development. Land uses and covers will vary according to seasons and therefore asset maps can be done and linked to seasonal calendars or historical timelines that highlight important trends and changing patterns of land use or cover. To review secondary data it must be collected first and this can be done - Identify activities that people engage in at certain times of the year, how they diversify sources of livelihood, when they have savings, when they have time for community activities as well as coping strategies 2014. - Let the people determine the criteria for the importance of an organisation and to rank them according to these criteria (can be ranked into three or four categories) Erosion is a natural process which shapes cliffs. The disadvantage is that data remains only second-hand and the review of numerous sources is very time-consuming. ' Contribution so far Therefore damage that is caused in one place will affect sustainable livelihood someplace else on the globe because space is shared. 1. - The people can then list the work they do against each of the sources of income (livelihood) by marking the months and duration, age and gender can also be added. Delegates will receive a USB drive at the conference containing the presented papers. ' It is important to remember that when prejudice and conflict is present in a community, there will be social and organisational vulnerabilities. The act of asking questions can lead or influence the group in some way. - Focus group discussion: discuss specific topics in detail with a smaller group of people who are particularly knowledgeable or interested in the topic. Success is determined by evaluation. - Ask if people can recall major events in the community such as: To analyse these vulnerabilities and capacities a Capacity and Vulnerability matrix (CVA) can be completed with regard to three major aspects of information: Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. without stripping the natural world of resources future generations would need. o Resource and Asset mapping: involves making a map showing local resources and capacities as well as gender differences with regard to access to and control over the resources. The checklist in itself is not complete but should be considered as an additional guideline to help analysing people's vulnerability. ' Ask 'WHY'? Rail Accidents: The rail system of a country generally transport people and / or goods. 2. iv. The condition for qualitative research is the commitment to see the point of view of the participant objectively and this is then why close involvement is recommended. Desertification is the inability of soil to foster or maintain human life. Water pollution occur when other substances are added by people and their activities. People can then list sources of livelihood, events and conditions on the vertical axis. ' Why is access limited to certain people / groups & how can access be arranged in a time of disaster. While the oceans are increasingly becoming a source of food, energy, and products such as medicines and enzymes, there is also now a better understanding of the non-market goods and services that the oceans provide, which are vital for life on Earth. Community Capacity and Vulnerability analysis: During a disaster, the vulnerability of a community is more pronounced than the capacities. 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